RANDOM USER PROJECTS
Flight Simulator, created by Carnegie Mellon students
Blackout: a game using high-end lighting for ambiance.
Whack Back that Pac Attack!

Panda3D Manual: Pursue

'Pursue' is a behavior where an AICharacter moves in the direction of a target NodePath until it reaches that entity, performing a change in direction of motion according to the entity's motion.

{{#ev:youtube|QdcbN3FLYVs}}



In PandAI, 'Pursue' is defined as :

aiBehaviors.pursue(NodePath target, float priority)

priority is by default set to 1.0 and is used when using two or more steering behaviors on an AICharacter.


The velocity at which the AICharacter pursues is determined when you first create your AICharacter object using the AICharacter constructor.

  • Note : Pursue's direction is recalculated every frame to handle any change in the target's position.

The actual code working in Panda3D :

import direct.directbase.DirectStart
from panda3d.core import *
from direct.showbase.DirectObject import DirectObject
from direct.task import Task
from direct.actor.Actor import Actor
#for Pandai
from panda3d.ai import *
#for Onscreen GUI
from direct.gui.OnscreenText import OnscreenText
 
# Globals
speed = 0.75
 
# Function to put instructions on the screen.
font = loader.loadFont("cmss12")
def addInstructions(pos, msg):
return OnscreenText(text=msg, style=1, fg=(1,1,1,1), font = font,
pos=(-1.3, pos), align=TextNode.ALeft, scale = .05)
 
class World(DirectObject):
 
def __init__(self):
base.disableMouse()
base.cam.setPosHpr(0,0,55,0,-90,0)
 
self.loadModels()
self.setAI()
self.setMovement()
 
def loadModels(self):
# Seeker
ralphStartPos = Vec3(-10, 0, 0)
self.pursuer = Actor("models/ralph",
{"run":"models/ralph-run"})
self.pursuer.reparentTo(render)
self.pursuer.setScale(0.5)
self.pursuer.setPos(ralphStartPos)
# Target
self.target = loader.loadModel("models/arrow")
self.target.setColor(1,0,0)
self.target.setPos(5,0,0)
self.target.setScale(1)
self.target.reparentTo(render)
 
def setAI(self):
#Creating AI World
self.AIworld = AIWorld(render)
 
self.AIchar = AICharacter("pursuer",self.pursuer, 100, 0.05, 5)
self.AIworld.addAiChar(self.AIchar)
self.AIbehaviors = self.AIchar.getAiBehaviors()
 
self.AIbehaviors.pursue(self.target)
self.pursuer.loop("run")
 
#AI World update
taskMgr.add(self.AIUpdate,"AIUpdate")
 
#to update the AIWorld
def AIUpdate(self,task):
self.AIworld.update()
return Task.cont
 
#All the movement functions for the Target
def setMovement(self):
self.keyMap = {"left":0, "right":0, "up":0, "down":0}
self.accept("arrow_left", self.setKey, ["left",1])
self.accept("arrow_right", self.setKey, ["right",1])
self.accept("arrow_up", self.setKey, ["up",1])
self.accept("arrow_down", self.setKey, ["down",1])
self.accept("arrow_left-up", self.setKey, ["left",0])
self.accept("arrow_right-up", self.setKey, ["right",0])
self.accept("arrow_up-up", self.setKey, ["up",0])
self.accept("arrow_down-up", self.setKey, ["down",0])
#movement task
taskMgr.add(self.Mover,"Mover")
 
addInstructions(0.9, "Use the Arrow keys to move the Red Target")
 
def setKey(self, key, value):
self.keyMap[key] = value
 
def Mover(self,task):
startPos = self.target.getPos()
if (self.keyMap["left"]!=0):
self.target.setPos(startPos + Point3(-speed,0,0))
if (self.keyMap["right"]!=0):
self.target.setPos(startPos + Point3(speed,0,0))
if (self.keyMap["up"]!=0):
self.target.setPos(startPos + Point3(0,speed,0))
if (self.keyMap["down"]!=0):
self.target.setPos(startPos + Point3(0,-speed,0))
 
return Task.cont
 
w = World()
run()

To get the full working demo, please visit :

https://sites.google.com/site/etcpandai/documentation/steering-behaviors/pursue/PandAIPursueExample.zip?attredirects=0&d=1