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Panda3D Manual: ShowBase

Overview

If you are already up to speed with Python, the following code may look like a black box:

from direct.showbase.ShowBase import ShowBase
 
base = ShowBase()
base.run()

The class ShowBase inherits from DirectObject. Under Linux, the relevant file can be found in:

/usr/share/panda3d/direct/showbase/

On Windows, the code is (by default) located in:

C:\Panda3D-1.X.X\direct\showbase

An important item created meanwhile is a base task manager as taskMgr. The function run() is in fact a single call to launch this task manager.

Global Variables with __builtin__

Some key variables used in all Panda3D scripts are actually attributes of the ShowBase instance. Here is the relevant code making these attribute global in scope:

__builtin__.base = self
__builtin__.render2d = self.render2d
__builtin__.aspect2d = self.aspect2d
__builtin__.pixel2d = self.pixel2d
__builtin__.render = self.render
__builtin__.hidden = self.hidden
__builtin__.camera = self.camera
__builtin__.loader = self.loader
__builtin__.taskMgr = self.taskMgr
__builtin__.jobMgr = self.jobMgr
__builtin__.eventMgr = self.eventMgr
__builtin__.messenger = self.messenger
__builtin__.bboard = self.bboard
__builtin__.run = self.run
__builtin__.ostream = Notify.out()
__builtin__.directNotify = directNotify
__builtin__.giveNotify = giveNotify
__builtin__.globalClock = globalClock
__builtin__.vfs = vfs
__builtin__.cpMgr = ConfigPageManager.getGlobalPtr()
__builtin__.cvMgr = ConfigVariableManager.getGlobalPtr()
__builtin__.pandaSystem = PandaSystem.getGlobalPtr()
__builtin__.wantUberdog = base.config.GetBool('want-uberdog', 1)

This is where the commonly used objects base, render, render2d, camera, messenger, and taskMgr are created. There are more such variables added to __builtin__. Consult the code if you want to find them all.

Note that this way of exposing these attributes make them available globally even though these will not be returned by a call to the built-in function dir().