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In most situations, you won't have just solid box-shaped or cylinder-shaped models, but for example a human character has multiple body parts which can all move in a different way. If you would make the entire character one solid body, you wouldn't be able to move them independently of each other, and if you made every body part a separate solid body, all the body parts would fall off since they are not attached to each other. This is where Joints come in.
Joints are basically used to attach bodies to each other, or to attach a body to the environment. There are several different kinds of joints: OdeHingeJoint, OdeBallJoint, OdeSliderJoint, just to name a few. (Check the API Reference for a more complete list).
To explain how joints work, look at the following example:
from direct.directbase import DirectStart from direct.directtools.DirectGeometry import LineNodePath from panda3d.core import * from panda3d.ode import * # Load the smiley and frowney models smiley = loader.loadModel("smiley.egg") smiley.reparentTo(render) smiley.setPos(-5, 0, -5) frowney = loader.loadModel("frowney.egg") frowney.reparentTo(render) frowney.setPos(-12.5, 0, -7.5) # Setup our physics world world = OdeWorld() world.setGravity(0, 0, -9.81) # Setup the body for the smiley smileyBody = OdeBody(world) M = OdeMass() M.setSphere(5000, 1.0) smileyBody.setMass(M) smileyBody.setPosition(smiley.getPos(render)) smileyBody.setQuaternion(smiley.getQuat(render)) # Now, the body for the frowney frowneyBody = OdeBody(world) M = OdeMass() M.setSphere(5000, 1.0) frowneyBody.setMass(M) frowneyBody.setPosition(frowney.getPos(render)) frowneyBody.setQuaternion(frowney.getQuat(render)) # Create the joints smileyJoint = OdeBallJoint(world) smileyJoint.attach(smileyBody, None) # Attach it to the environment smileyJoint.setAnchor(0, 0, 0) frowneyJoint = OdeBallJoint(world) frowneyJoint.attach(smileyBody, frowneyBody) frowneyJoint.setAnchor(-5, 0, -5) # Set the camera position base.disableMouse() base.camera.setPos(0, 50, -7.5) base.camera.lookAt(0, 0, -7.5) # We are going to be drawing some lines between the anchor points and the joints lines = LineNodePath(parent = render, thickness = 3.0, colorVec = Vec4(1, 0, 0, 1)) def drawLines(): # Draws lines between the smiley and frowney. lines.reset() lines.drawLines([((frowney.getX(), frowney.getY(), frowney.getZ()), (smiley.getX(), smiley.getY(), smiley.getZ())), ((smiley.getX(), smiley.getY(), smiley.getZ()), (0, 0, 0))]) lines.create() # The task for our simulation def simulationTask(task): # Step the simulation and set the new positions world.quickStep(globalClock.getDt()) frowney.setPosQuat(render, frowneyBody.getPosition(), Quat(frowneyBody.getQuaternion())) smiley.setPosQuat(render, smileyBody.getPosition(), Quat(smileyBody.getQuaternion())) drawLines() return task.cont drawLines() taskMgr.doMethodLater(0.5, simulationTask, "Physics Simulation") run()
The part of the code that does the magic is this:
# Create the joints smileyJoint = OdeBallJoint(world) smileyJoint.attach(smileyBody, None) # Attach it to the environment smileyJoint.setAnchor(0, 0, 0) frowneyJoint = OdeBallJoint(world) frowneyJoint.attach(smileyBody, frowneyBody) frowneyJoint.setAnchor(-5, 0, -5)
This creates two joints, the first to attach the smiley to the environment, and the second to attach the frowney to the smiley. The
attach() method on the joint is used to set the two bodies that are attached; you can replace either argument with None to attach them to the environment.
setAnchor method is used to set the anchor point for the joints.
Note: this section is incomplete. It will be updated soon.Previous Top Next